The question for so many people interested in becoming a nurse in Nigeria is what does a Nigerian nurse do? When it comes to maintaining public health and providing medical attention to those who are ill or injured, nurses are essential. The nursing profession offers a variety of specialties, from working with the tiniest newborn patients in the NICU to geriatrics and palliative care for people nearing the end of their lives. No matter their expertise, nurses work hard to treat their patients with decency, respect, and compassion. In this article, we will be taking a look at what nurses do.
What Does A Nigerian Nurse Do?
Regardless of a patient’s illness or disability, nurses work to provide the highest quality of care for individuals, families, and communities. When providing patient care and collaborating with doctors and other staff members, nurses who work in a hospital environment adhere to a set of rules. Among the duties are giving medication, assisting with patient preparation for procedures and treatments, and supporting physicians and surgeons during operations. Patient education is yet another crucial component of nursing. Sharing health information and healthy living tips with patients can significantly improve their quality of life. Many nurses concur that education doesn’t finish with graduation; rather, they keep studying throughout their careers to improve as caregivers.
Primary duties of a nurse include:
- Identifying patients’ care requirements, focusing on their needs, and act on them
- Nurturing a compassionate environment by providing psychological support
- Resolving or reporting on patients’ needs or problems
Job Brief Of A Nurse
To promote and restore patients’ health, nurses are hired at health facilities. A Nurse is required to work with a variety of patients giving them direct nursing care as well as if needed, physical or psychological assistance.
Job Description Of A Nurse
- Identify patients’ care requirements, focus on their needs and act on them
- Nurture a compassionate environment by providing psychological support
- Resolve or report on patients’ needs or problems
- Prepare patients for examinations and perform routine diagnostic checks (monitor pulse, blood pressure, and temperature, provide drugs and injections, etc)
- Monitor and record patient’s condition and document provided care services
- Treat medical emergencies
- Administer workloads
- Follow care regulations and standards
- Work within and cooperate with a multidisciplinary team
Requirements And Skills Needed To Work As A Nurse
- Proven nursing experience
- Familiarity with professional and technical emerging knowledge
- Problem-solving skills and ability to multi-task
- Compassionate with good communication skills
- Excellent teamwork skills
- BS or diploma in nursing
Nurses work in a variety of roles and practice settings which are:
Licensed Practical Nursing
A licensed practical nurse provides basic medical care and aid to patients who are ill or injured under the direction of physicians and registered nurses. A licensed practical nurse can carry out the majority of a registered nurse’s duties in states where a broad scope of practice is permitted. These nurses have very little responsibilities in states with a more constrained scope of practice. Patients with fewer complex demands and those who have stable and predictable ailments are most suited for these types of nurses. A two-year college program leading to a practical nursing diploma is required for licensure as a practical nurse.
A registered nurse participates in a support system and handles a variety of duties every day. In addition to educating patients and their families about healthcare, they also administer medication, maintain records, monitor patients, and confer with other healthcare professionals. They oversee orderlies, nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses in addition to giving their patients direct care. A registered nurse is qualified to provide care for patients with more complicated requirements and in unforeseen circumstances. Both a four-year university nursing program and a combined college-university nursing program must be completed by a registered nurse to earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) or Bachelor of Nursing degree (BN).
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) use theory and research to advance the effectiveness of nursing systems while working to enhance patient outcomes. This position falls under the category of advanced practice registered nurse (APRN). Clinical nurse specialists treat patients in a variety of specialties, including, but not limited to, geriatrics, pediatrics, oncology, and emergency care. They may also serve as consultants, assisting other healthcare providers in their efforts to provide better patient care. They can take the lead in formulating policies and procedures, offering assistance and advice, fostering system change, and encouraging the use of evidence.
Registered nurses who are clinical nurse specialists often have a master’s degree and national certification. Beyond the qualifications for licensure as a registered nurse, they attend school for an additional two to three years. Certification denotes significant clinical knowledge and nursing expertise in a particular patient population or specialty.
Nurse practitioners have the skills necessary to communicate diagnoses, order and interpret diagnostic tests, and prescribe drugs. Additionally, they are permitted to admit, discharge, and round on patients in hospitals. Collaboration between a nurse practitioner and a doctor, and vice versa, is very strong. The doctor can focus on surgical cases, make rounds at the hospital, or attend to an emergency because the nurse practitioner can work independently from him or her. Primary care, adult, pediatric, and anesthetic care are the four nurse practitioner specialties. Candidates must spend an extra two to six years in school after earning their bachelor’s degree to receive a master’s or doctoral degree in nursing (many graduate schools require nurse practitioner candidates to also have a few years of experience as a registered nurse).
Acute Care Practitioner
In an emergency room, ambulatory care center, or another short-term care facility, an acute care nurse practitioner (ACNP) offers advanced nursing care to patients with acute but serious illnesses. They can provide care for patients who are experiencing shock, respiratory distress syndrome, or heart attacks. Additionally, they provide pre-and post-operative care, sophisticated invasive diagnostic and treatments, unique medicine prescriptions, screening exams, x-rays, and rehabilitation program placement for patients. Acute care nurse practitioners must obtain a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree that includes specialized ACNP coursework, as well as state-level nursing certification or a national certification from a body like the American Nurses Credentialing Center or the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners.
Under the supervision of an anesthesiologist, surgeon, dentist, podiatrist, or other competent healthcare practitioners, a nurse anesthetist (or certified registered nurse anesthetist, or CRNA), is capable of providing anesthesia. In rural hospitals and other places where it would not otherwise be possible, nurse anesthetists, who are independently licensed health professionals, frequently serve as the only anesthetic service providers for surgical, obstetrical, and trauma stabilization procedures.
A nurse anesthetist can offer their services in places like cardiac catheterization labs, lithotripsy units, and MRI units in addition to operating rooms. While some nurse anesthetists opt to specialize in obstetric, neurosurgical, pediatric, dental, or cardiovascular anesthesia services, others hold certifications in sectors like respiratory care or critical care nursing. A licensed registered nurse must work for a minimum of one year in an acute care setting before becoming a certified registered nurse anesthetist. At that time, a person can enroll in a nurse anesthesia MSN (Master of Science in Nursing) program. Note: The doctoral level is replacing the master’s level as the minimum educational requirement for the profession. By 2025, to practice as a CRNA, one must possess a doctoral degree in nurse anesthesia.
Informatics Nurse Specialist
A well-established nursing specialization is nursing informatics. The role is described as “overseeing the integration of data, information, and expertise to enhance decision-making by patients and their healthcare professionals” by the American Nurses Association. Hospitals and nursing homes are now using technology at the point of care, including physiologic monitoring, “smart” IV pumps, beds, electronic medical records, and barcoded medication administration.
In addition to selecting the best system, informatics nurse specialists can establish policies, prepare, develop, optimize, and maintain systems, train and support system users, perform quality control, and even make sales. They also provide professional development for nurses and educate other nurses. Since many informatics nurse specialists are also registered nurses, they are well-versed in the workflow and workplace dynamics of varied care settings. Because registered nurses are already familiar with the medical industry, many employers favor them for roles in health informatics. Some organizations might also favor prospective seekers with a Master’s Degree in Healthcare Management, Quality Management, or Health Informatics.
Before choosing to focus their careers on training future nurses, the majority of nurse educators first work as registered nurses for a while. They can therefore significantly contribute to the support of the nursing workforce. These nurses can communicate nursing theories since they have a solid understanding of them. They are also capable of teaching and demonstrating both fundamental and sophisticated nursing techniques to their students.
Both the classroom and the practice setting are used by nurse educators. Nurse educators analyze educational initiatives, create lesson plans, impart knowledge, and supervise clinical practice for students. Additionally, they may decide to concentrate on subspecialties like nursing informatics, geriatric nursing, or pediatric nursing. The majority of companies mandate that nurse educators hold a master’s degree, although mandated doctoral nursing degrees are more frequent, especially for those vying for tenure.
Areas Of Specialization In Nursing
These include the following:
- Cardiovascular Nursing
- Community Health Nursing
- Critical Care Nursing
- Critical Care Pediatric Nursing
- Emergency Nursing
- Enterostomal Therapy Nursing
- Gastroenterology Nursing
- Gerontological Nursing
- Hospice Palliative Care Nursing
- Medical-Surgical Nursing
- Nephrology Nursing
- Neuroscience Nursing
- Occupational Health Nursing
- Oncology Nursing
- Orthopaedic Nursing
- PeriAnesthesia Nursing
- Perinatal Nursing
- Perioperative Nursing
- Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
- Rehabilitation Nursing
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