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How To Become An Ethical Hacker In Nigeria

Salary Of A Cyber Security Specialist In Nigeria

Let us take a look at how you can become an ethical hacker in Nigeria. In the past few years, ethical hacking skills have been in huge demand all over the world. Ethical hacking jobs are one of the highest-paying IT jobs. This is because organizations need cyber security experts to protect their I.T infrastructure from threats or attacks. 

Who Is An Ethical Hacker?

This expert with strong technical knowledge and skills who knows how to find and use vulnerabilities in target systems is known as an ethical hacker. Examining the security infrastructure of a system or network is the job of ethical hacking. An ethical hacker will make an attempt to get around system security and will look for and reveal any holes that could be exploited by a hostile hacker. 

Hardware or software defects and poor system configuration are the two main sources of vulnerabilities. For hacking to be ethical, the owner must give the hacker access to examine their network and find security vulnerabilities. To strengthen their networks, applications, and other computer systems and stop data theft and fraud, businesses and organizations use ethical hackers. 

The US government utilized “red teams” to break into its computer networks in the 1970s, which is considered one of the earliest instances of ethical hacking. A preventative method of information security is ethical hacking. An ethical hacker employs the same methods as a malevolent hacker to get beyond a system’s defenses, but instead of exploiting any flaws they uncover, they offer guidance on how to patch them so a business can increase its overall security.

An ethical hacker must conduct research, compile documentation, and share their findings regarding security with management and IT teams. Businesses and organizations use this intelligence to enhance system security, minimizing or removing any potential assaults. Ethical hackers will additionally offer comments and confirmation while a company makes security improvements.

The information security industry has seen an increase in ethical hacking. Any company or organization that offers an online service or has a network connected to the Internet ought to consider having a penetration test performed on it.

While passing testing does not always imply that a system is completely safe, it should be able to fend off automated attacks and inexperienced hackers. Companies are required by the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard to do annual penetration tests, especially if significant modifications are made to their apps or infrastructure. While many businesses provide ethical hacking as a service, several large corporations maintain employee teams of ethical hackers.

Key Concepts Of Ethical Hacking

Four fundamental protocol principles are followed by hackers and they are:

Be lawful: Before obtaining and conducting a security evaluation, get the necessary approval.

Establish the scope: Establish the assessment’s parameters to ensure that the ethical hacker’s work is legal and within the organization’s permitted restrictions.

Inform about weaknesses: Inform the company of every vulnerability found during the assessment. Give suggestions for repairing these vulnerabilities.

Have Regard For the sensitivity of data: Ethical hackers may need to accept a non-disclosure agreement in addition to other terms and conditions requested by the evaluated firm, depending on how sensitive the data is.

Limitations Of Ethical Hacking

Limited scope: The scope of an attack cannot be expanded by ethical hackers to be successful. It is only reasonable to talk to the organization about potential outside-the-scope attacks and solutions.

Resource constraints: The time limitations that ethical hackers frequently encounter do not apply to malicious hackers. Budget and computing power are further ethical hacker limitations.

Restricted methods: Some organizations tell ethical hackers to steer clear of testing scenarios that could cause servers to crash, such as DoS attacks.

Problems Ethical Hacking Aims To Solve

Ethical hacking tries to imitate a malicious hacker while evaluating the security of an organization’s IT asset(s). They do this while searching for ways to strike the target. The initial objective is to conduct reconnaissance and collect as much data as you can.

Once the ethical hacker has gathered enough data, they use it to scan the asset for weaknesses. They use both automated and manual testing to complete this assessment. Even complex systems may have vulnerable complex countermeasure technologies. They continue after finding weaknesses. Exploits against the vulnerabilities are used by ethical hackers to demonstrate how a malevolent attacker could utilize it.

How To Become An Ethical Hacker In Nigeria

Here is a guide that can help you become an ethical hacker in Nigeria:

  • Obtain a bachelor’s degree in information technology, computer science, math, physics, or a related subject.
  • Study and comprehend the fundamentals of networking.
  • Learn how to use t LINUX/UNIX operating systems
  • Learn programming languages such as C, C++, SQL, Python, PHP, and JavaScript.
  • Get a job or internship in IT security at the entry-level as this will give you some level of exposure to the world of ethical hacking.
  • Learn cryptography.
  • Get the CEH, OSCP, CISSP, and Security+ certifications in cyber security.
  • Experiment and practice.
  • Look for vulnerabilities in systems or IT infrastructures and try to manipulate them.
  • Participate in talks to connect with hackers by joining ethical hacking forums.

Core Areas You Should Concentrate On If You Want To Become A Good Ethical Hacker

  • Networking 
  • Programming 
  •  Databases 
  •  Operating systems 
  •  Windows Registry

 Cybersecurity Certifications You Should Get If You Want To Become A Certified Hacker

  • Cisco Certified CyberOps Associate
  • CompTIA Security+
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)
  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
  • GIAC Certified Incident Handler (GCIH)
  • GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC)
  • Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP)

How Much Do Ethical Hackers Earn In Nigeria?

Ethical hackers in Nigeria with all the necessary certifications make between 1 Million Naira to 3 Million Naira monthly depending on years of experience. 

As an ethical hacker in Nigeria you can work in the following roles:

  • Security Specialist
  • Security Administrator
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)
  • Security Architect
  • Security Analyst
  • Vulnerability Assessor
  • Security Auditor
  • Security Director
  • Penetration Tester
  • Security Consultant
  • Security Engineer
  • Cryptographer
  • Incident Responder
  • Forensic Expert
  • Source Code Auditor
  • Security Manager

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