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Full Time Job Or Part Time Job

Full Time Job Or Part Time Job

For a very long time, there has been this debate about a full-time job or part-time job which is better and more profitable in the long run. This article is aimed at unraveling the discrepancies as we will talk in-depth about the two job models. Recently with the outbreak of covid-19, employers are beginning to hire more part-time workers due to the uncertainty the pandemic poses. However, many people who have previously had full-time jobs before the outbreak of covid-19 are questioning the viability of part-time employment as organizations now prefer to hire fewer full-time employees and more part-time workers. Beyond the obvious effects on income, there are a variety of benefits and drawbacks to take into account when deciding whether to take the part-time or full-time route as this has definitely allowed job seekers to have options on how they wish to work.

What Is A Full-Time Job?

The phrase “full-time job” cannot be given a particular definition. However, labor law mandates that the employer keep the range of working hours for any employee between 32 and 40 hours (per week). These are the primary factors that determine whether a job is full- or part-time. But other criteria might be used to define full-time employment. Some part-time jobs are full-time jobs in disguise apart from the fact that the employee has working flexibility. 

One of the most crucial things to keep in mind is that the aforementioned standards and guidelines are not legally enforceable. But what if a worker puts in more than 40 hours? The term “overtime” is used to describe this circumstance, and the employer is required to compensate the employee for the additional hours worked. Most businesses keep their working hours at or near 35 hours, however, some extremely demanding positions can push that limit up to 40 hours. In layman’s terms, any job that requires you to work up to 40 hours per week is a full-time job.

What Is A Part-time Job?

It makes no sense if an employee who is considered to be working on a part-time basis put in more hours than what would be expected of a full-time employee. There isn’t one, even though we recognize that the corresponding definition is not as firm as concrete. Depending on the directions provided by the employer, the employee must perform the necessary work. The majority of the time, part-time employees are given tasks and deadlines along with a decision on the quantity of work to be done, making it simple for them to do the work at their convenience.

Differences Between A Full-time Job And A Part-time Job

Work Schedule

The flexibility of a part-time employee’s schedule is one of its most significant features. The less rigid a schedule is, the less pressure it puts on the worker. Work schedules for part-time employees are typically more flexible, allowing them to work up to 8 hours some days and just 3 hours the next. Additionally, rotating shifts are particularly popular options in high-production industries.Employees who are currently enrolled in school or who have two to three jobs at once benefit from the flexibility because it allows them to manage their academics, employment, and extracurricular activities effectively.

The timetable for full-time employees is less flexible than that of a part-time employees because they are required to put in long, set hours of work. They often have to work from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday (5 days a week). More work hours may be required for full-time jobs depending on the role and time taken to complete tasks.

Working Hours

A typical day’s work for a part-time employee is less than 32 hours (per week). When there is a great need for workers, organizations may require them to work 32 hours each week. Employees can easily work around 15 hours per week when there is little or no work to be done. The number of working hours could be determined by the organization’s need or demand. Working hours are typically shorter for part-time occupations.

Meanwhile, a full-time employee typically works between 32 and 40 hours a week in total. They must put in at least 32 hours of work each week. A full-time employee is required to put in more manpower than a part-time employee. To make up for the extra labor, they also put in longer hours or work on Saturdays when demand is high. When a week’s worth of work surpasses the maximum of 40 hours, overtime is taken into account. Full-time employment requires a lot of your time, and to do your job well, you must be available throughout the whole workweek.

Income

A part-time employee’s income may be lower, higher, or even equal to that of a full-time employee. The work you perform for your employer determines the type of income you can generate. You will receive a respectable income if the general market values your services highly. The number of days or hours you worked as a part-time employee is taken into account when determining your pay. After the contract, a lump sum payment is occasionally made as well.

Generally speaking, full-time employees make more money, but there are always exceptions. Salary for full-time employees is typically paid at the end of each month. These salaries are unrelated to the number of hours that employees put in (32-40 hours per week). Hardworking employees are also rewarded with overtime pay, bonuses, and other incentives.

Job Security

Part-time employment is not as secure since they are typically for a set amount of time. A part-time employee is typically thought to not receive benefits like a pension, insurance, health coverage, and other things. Even so, that is not always true because part-time employees also earn good wages and gain bonuses, incentives, and other perks. Full-time employment is regarded as secure because these opportunities are frequently long-term. When employees choose to quit their jobs, they are entitled to several benefits, including pensions, lump sum payments, insurance, health coverage, etc. 

Full-time work typically requires a lot of work and good pay as employees are expected to be fully dedicated to duty. Additionally, if an employer decides to fire an employee, they must provide the employee with a three-month notice period. However, if an employee is terminated and compelled to quit or resign for any cause that is not professional, the relevant organization may do so immediately and without giving them any warning or compensation (for both part-time as well as full-time jobs).

 Benefits

Benefits are offered by full and part-time employment. For instance, schedule flexibility is available in part-time jobs. As was already said, they let you manage multiple tasks at once. Full-time employment offers job security as well as additional advantages like insurance, health coverage, a pension after resignation, etc.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Part-Time Jobs

Reduced Salaries: From an employer’s perspective, compared to full-time workers, part-time employees typically get fewer salaries for doing the same job. The money saved might be used for the advancement of the organization.

Freedom and flexibility:  When the available working staff is unable to complete the task at hand, the part-time employee does the extra job before the predetermined hour. Due to not having to pay them once the work is finished, gives the employer the flexibility to use an employee only when they are most in need of an extra hand.

Issues with commitment and conflict of interest: Part-time workers juggle multiple tasks at once because they also have other commitments like studies, exams, other part-time jobs, etc. There are times when part-time employee is unable to dedicate themselves to their task. This circumstance occasionally causes delays and unintended losses.

Lack Of Experience:  Employees who work part-time typically have less experience compared to full-time employees. They work fewer hours, which prevents them from appreciating the seriousness of some circumstances. Making them understand the importance of the assignment will take more time. 

Additionally, a lack of expertise can make it difficult to deal with stressful situations on one’s own. Part-time employees with less experience need continuous mentoring.

 Professionalism: Inconsistent work may result from a lack of experience or an unwillingness to deal with difficult circumstances which could be considered unprofessional. It takes time for part-time employees to develop their skills and produce work to the best of their abilities, therefore the employer needs to be level-headed and able to manage irregular output. On the other hand, full-time worker consistently does their work and conduct themselves professionally since they have the necessary experience and skills to handle any challenging situations on their own with little or no mentoring.

Honesty And Loyalty: Full-time employees can be trusted with significant duties since they are trustworthy with their work. They are regarded as loyal employees because they do their work within the allotted deadlines. Because they don’t have to divert their focus, energy, or creativity to other activities, full-time employees are more committed to their work.

Productivity:  Compared to a part-time worker who still needs to learn to respect deadlines, full-time employees are more productive since they are aware of how important it is to finish their tasks on time. Because they may work longer hours without becoming distracted, full-time employees are viewed as being more productive due to the higher caliber of their output.

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